There is something special about French cheeses and cheese is almost a way of life. There are strict guidelines for creating cheese and no matter what variety, it has a rich flavor different from those we eat in the U.S.

During my barge cruise through Burgundy, France, one of my pleasures each day was tasting the cheese. I was on board European WaterwaysLa Belle Epoque and we were wined and dined all week. While I loved all the food and enjoyed some great wines, the cheese was the hit of the week. We had at least two varieties with both lunch and dinner. The cheese varieties in this article are my favorites. While most aren’t the run-of-the-mill varieties you’ll find in your local supermarket, there are a few cheese shops where you can order many of these specialty cheeses. Go ahead. Treat yourself. You’ll not regret it.

Beaufort

Beaufort is a hard, sharp cow’s milk cheese with a taste and texture similar to gruyere.

Beaufort Cheese

Beaufort Cheese

The cheese comes from the town of Beaufort in the French Alps. The milk used to make Beaufort comes from either the Tarentaise or Abondance cows that graze in the Alps. The cheese ages for six to twelve months in a cool mountain cellar and the ripe cheese has a pale yellow color.

Brillat-Savarin

Brillat-Savarin is a soft cow’s milk cheese with a high fat conent.

Brillat-savarin cheese. Photo by Pierre-Yves Beaudouin via Wikimedia Commons

Brillat-savarin cheese. Photo by Pierre-Yves Beaudouin via Wikimedia Commons

It was created in the 1930s by cheese maker Henri Androuët and named for the 18th century French gourmand Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin. This is one cheese that is produced throughout the year in Burgundy and Normandy and aged about two weeks. Brillat-Savarin is a Brie-style cheese made from triple cream. It is creamy with a rich taste and is quite salty. It pairs well with cranberries and dates and goes with Champagne and pale ale.

Brique de Jussac

Brique de Jussac is a soft creamy cheese in a brick shape.

Brique de Jussac Cheese

Brique de Jussac Cheese

It has the consistency of a Brie, but there’s no rind. The cheese, produced in France by Fromagerie de Jussac (a small family-owned cheese operation) is made from unpasteurized cow’s milk and not normally found in the US.

Camembert

Camembert is a soft, ripe cow’s milk cheese that has aged at least three week.

Camembert cheese

Camembert cheese

It originates from Camembert in Normandy. There is a version made with unpasteurized milk (Camembert de Normandie) or the version made with pasteurized milk, simply known as Camembert. When it first becomes cheese, after about 48 hours, it is hard and crumbly with little flavor. Then, the surface is sprayed with Penicillium camembertis mold and left to ripen for three weeks, until it has a creamy interior. This cheese became famous during World War I, when it was issued to French troops, becoming popular internationally.

Chabichou du Poitou

Chabichou du Poitou is a soft, unpasteurized French goat cheese with a natural rind.

Chabichou du Poitou goat's milk cheese

Chabichou du Poitou goat’s milk cheese

It is firm yet very creamy, usually aged from 10 to 20 days. This is a perfect cheese to accompany a white Chablis or Sauvignon Blanc.

Chaource

Chaource is manufactured, using a recipe similar to Brie, in a French village in the Champagne-Ardenne region.

Chaource choose. Photo courtesy Coyau via Wikimedia Commons

Chaource choose. Photo courtesy Coyau via Wikimedia Commons

Made from cow’s milk, Chaource is sold in a cylinder of soft creamy cheese, though slightly crumbly, covered in a white Penicillium candidum rind.

Chevre au Piment d’Espelette

Chevre au Piment d’Espelette is a soft goat cheese covered in chili pepper (Piment d’Espelette) and aged for three weeks.

Cheese selection includes a Chevre au Piment d'Espelette, a goat's milk cheese coated in chili powder

Cheese selection includes a Chevre au Piment d’Espelette, a goat’s milk cheese coated in chili powder

It is pictured in the top photo with this article. The spice of the chili pepper just has a touch of a kick with the sweet cheese.

Comté

Comté is a semi-hard cow’s milk cheese, closely regulated by the French government so it is only made from the milk of Montbéliarde cattle.

COMTE  cheese. Photo by Myrabella / Wikimedia Commons

COMTE cheese. Photo by Myrabella / Wikimedia Commons

Each Montbéliarde cow must have at least one hectare of grazing land and can only be fed natural feed with no silage.

Crottin de Chavignol

Crottin de Chavignol is a small round goat cheese from Chavignol in the Loire Valley.

Cheeses at the market in Noyers sur Serein

Cheeses at the market in Noyers sur Serein. Credit: Susan Lanier-Graham

The cheese was first produced in the 16th century. The older the Crottin, the more yellow the rind.

Epoisses de Bourgogne

Epoisses de Bourgogne is an unpasteurized cow’s-milk cheese from the village of Epoisses in the Cote-d’Or, between Dijon and Auxerre.

Epoísses de Bourgogne. Photo by Sominsky at English Wikipedia

Epoísses de Bourgogne. Photo by Sominsky at English Wikipedia

The cheese is sold in a circular wooden box and rind is red-orange color. The cheese itself is quite pungent but the taste is somewhat mild.

Morbiere

Morbiere has a strong aroma, but a surprisingly rich and creamy taste. It is a semi-soft cow’s milk cheese from the small village of Morbier in Franche-Comte.

Morbiere

Morbiere Photo credit: Wikipedia

There is a thin layer of tasteless ash that separates the milk horizontally in the middle. Traditionally, the ash separated the layer of morning milk from the layer of evening milk. Today, the cheese is usually made from a single milk, but the ash is still added for tradition.

Neufchâtel

Neufchâtel is another quite popular cheese in France. It is soft and slightly crumbly with a bit of a grainy texture. While it may be sold in logs, it is most popularly sold in a heart shape (as seen in the photo at the top of this page).

Neufchâtel cheese. Photo by Coyau via Wikimedia Commons

Neufchâtel cheese. Photo by Coyau via Wikimedia Commons

There is a dry, white, edible rind. In the U.S., you can find a variety of Neufchâtel, often called Neufchâtel–style cream cheese or farmer’s cheese, but it is quite different from its French counterpart. The American version was brought to the U.S. in 1872 by New York dairy farmer William Lawrence. The American Neufchâtel has a lower fat content (33%) and higher moisture content than both the French version and traditional American cream cheese, so it is often used as a reduced fat option to cream cheese.

Petite Munster

Petite Munster is a cow’s milk cheese made in a small town in the Vosges Mountains. This cheese was first made in the 7th century by Benedictine monks at a nearby abbey.

Petite Munster. Photo by Mario M. Lommersum via Wikimedia Commons

Petite Munster. Photo by Mario M. Lommersum via Wikimedia Commons

Throughout history, the price of this cheese was set on June 23 each year at a fair in Gerardmer (also known as Gerome), so the cheese was sometimes known as Gerome. Today, the cheese is manufactured and shipped extensively. The small disc-shaped cheese has an inedible orange rind and a creamy center that is the consistency of melting chocolate.

Reblochon

Reblochon

Reblochon. Credit: Wikipedia

Reblochon, my favorite of all the cheeses I tried on the trip, is a cow’s milk from the Alps region of France. This rich, soft cheese, became known as “fromage de devotion” (devotional cheese) in the 16th century because farmers offered it to the monks in return for blessing their homes. Reblochon has a nutty taste and is best eaten between May and September after being aged six to eight weeks. Sadly, you cannot buy reblochon in the US because it’s from unpasteurized cow’s milk. However, you can substitute Delice du Jura for a similar taste.

Sainte-Maure de Touraine

Sainte-Maure de Touraine is an unpasteurized goat’s milk cheese from the Touraine region of France.

Sainte-Maure de Touraine

Sainte-Maure de Touraine

It’s formed into a small log with a straw through the center that is used to hold the log in place. Legend has it that it is bad luck for anyone to break the straw while serving the cheese. Sainte-Maure de Touraine is now the second most popular cheese sold in France.

Soumaintrain

Soumaintrain is a rustic, semi-soft cow’s milk cheese made in Burgundy. During the six to eight weeks of aging, the 5-inch discs are brushed with a solution of brine and Marc de Bourgogne.

Soumaintrain cheese. Photo by Pierre-Yves Beaudouin via Wikimedia Commons

Soumaintrain cheese. Photo by Pierre-Yves Beaudouin via Wikimedia Commons

The final cheese is a little salty but creamy at the same time. It is sometimes eaten when young, while it is still a mild, white paste. However, in its final state, it has a sticky, orange rind. The cheese does tend to run at room temperature, so it is often sold in a small round box. It is considered one of the more aromatic cheeses, but the soft taste is a contradiction to the flavor.

Valençay

Valençay is an unpasteurized goat’s milk cheese known for its distinctive pyramid shape, but with a flattened top.

Valençay

Valençay cheese.

The outside is blue-gray, a result of the natural molds and a dusting of charcoal. This cheese has a nutty flavor, but with a touch of lightness, almost a citric under taste. Valençay has a unique legend concerning its shape. According to lore, Napoleon stopped by the castle at Valençay on his return from the disastrous Egyptian conquests. When he saw the cheese in its pyramid shape, he supposedly brandished a sword and chopped off the top of the cheese.  You can find Valençay between March and December, but the best time to eat it is between April and August.

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